Here is a list of mathematicians who have pioneered in this field and made our country proud.
1. C. S. Seshadri
C. S. Seshadri completed his graduation from Madras University and PhD from Bombay University in year 1958 for his work in algebraic geometry. He is a recipient of the Padma Bhushan in 2009, the third highest civilian honor in the country. He invented Seshadri constant and Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem.
2. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian scientist and applied statistician. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure. He made pioneering studies in anthropometry in India. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute, and contributed to the design of large-scale sample surveys. Government of India felicitated him with Padma Vibhushan in 1968 for his contribution in statistics.
3. Narendra Karmarkar
He was born in year 1957 in Gwalior. After securing an All India Rank 1 in the Joint Entrance Examination, he took admission in the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay and went to USA for PhD. He invented a polynomial algorithm for linear programming also known as the interior point method. The algorithm is a cornerstone in the field of Linear Programming. He is currently working on a new architecture for supercomputing.
4. Neena Gupta
Neena Gupta has solved a math problem that baffled the mathematicians around the world for 70 years. The math problem that Neena solved is called Zariski Cancellation Conjecture. She has bagged the Indian National Science Academy award (INSA) for her solution being one of the best so far. She is also the recipient of the Ramanujan Prize (2014), and the Saraswathi Cowsik Medal (2013) by Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) Alumni Association.
5. Raman Parimala
She is known for her contributions to algebra. She is the Arts & Sciences Distinguished Professor of mathematics at Emory University. She received her M.Sc. from Madras University (1970) and her Ph.D. from Bombay University (1976). Parimala works in algebra. Her research uses tools from number theory, algebraic geometry, and topology. Her research has been recognized with the Bhatnagar Prize in 1987, an honorary doctorate from the University of Lausanne in 1999, and the Srinivasa Ramanujan Birth Centenary Award in 2003.
6. Sujatha Ramdorai
She is a professor of mathematics at TIFR, Mumbai. Currently associated with the University of British Columbia in Canada, Ramdorai is an algebraic number theorist known for her work on Iwasawa theory. She is the first Indian to win the prestigious ICTP Ramanujan Prize in 2006 and also a winner of the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in 2004.
Did we miss out your favorite Indian mathematician? Mention them in the comments!
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Source: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7