JEE 2020 - Everything You Need To Know!

September 15, 2019
JEE

JEE or Joint Entrance Exam

It is the entrance exam for admission to IITs and NITs and other central institutes. This is the exam every Indian student aspiring to do engineering aims for. Almost 9 lakh students take the JEE main every year. Score of JEE main is used for admission to NITs and IIITs while score in JEE Advanced is used for admission to the IITs. Score in JEE main is also used as a filtering criteria for allowing students to appear in JEE advanced.  

JEE Main

JEE main is conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) for admission to NITs(National Institute of Technology), IIITs(Indian Institute of Information Technology) and CFTIs(Centrally Funded Technical Institute). Since 2019, JEE mains is conducted twice a year in online mode only. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the JEE Main exam twice in 2020. There are two papers, one of which is a computer-based test, i.e., Paper I and the other is part computer-based and part pen-and-paper-based, i.e., Paper II. Paper I is for admission into B.E./B.Tech. courses whereas Paper II is for admission into     B. Arch. and B. Planning courses. Students have the option of writing either one or both papers. 

Eligibility

There is no age limit for appearing in JEE main 2020. Candidates who have passed class 12 in 2018, 2019 or appearing in  2020 can give the exam. Candidates can get admission to colleges based on JEE main score subject to the condition that candidate has scored at least 75% marks in class 12th or be in the top 20 percentile in the 12th class examination. 

Important dates


On-line submission of Application Form - 03.09.2019 to 30.09.2019(up to 11.50 p.m.) 

Successful final transaction of fee - 03.09.2019 to 01.10.2019 (through Credit/Debit Card/ Net Banking/UPI and PAYTM Service up to 11.50 p.m.) 

Correction in details - 11.10.2019 to 17.10.2019 (upto 11.50 p.m.)

Printing of Admit Cards from NTA’s website - From 06.12.2019

Date of Examination - Between 06.01.2020 to 11.01.2020

Declaration of Result on NTA’s website - By 31st January 2020 

Details of exam

No of questions and Marks

Mathematics 20+5 - 100

Physics 20+5 - 100

Chemistry 20+5 - 100

Total 75 - 300

20 questions will be MCQ while 5 questions will require numerical answers

MCQ questions will have +4(correct answer) and -1(incorrect answer) while numerical answer questions will be +4(correct answer) and 0(incorrect answer)

JEE main can be attempted twice in one academic year, once in January and once in April. Each attempt is carried out over multiple sessions with different set of questions. Although all attempts are made to ensure the difficulty level is same across all sessions, there might be differences which affect the performance of candidate. To nullify the effect of these differences, the scores are normalized. The normalization is done across all 4 sessions of one attempt. Candidates getting highest marks in each session are assigned 100 percentile while candidate getting lowest in each session are assigned 1 percentile, and the rest of marks are adjusted according to these 2 candidates in each session. This is done for total marks as well as individual subjects. 

Finally, when both the attempts are done, the best score will be considered for a candidate. The selected score is used for admission to colleges accepting JEE main score as well as used as filtering criteria for JEE advanced exam.

Syllabus of exam

Maths

  • Complex numbers and quadratic equations
  • Matrices and determinants
  • Sets, relations and functions
  • Mathematical induction
  • Permutations and combinations
  • Mathematical reasoning
  • Limit, continuity and differentiability
  • Integral calculus
  • Three-dimensional geometry
  • Differential equations
  • Binomial theorem and its simple applications
  • Sequences and series
  • Vector algebra
  • Statistics and probability
  • Trigonometry
  • Co-ordinate geometry

Physics

  • Physics and measurement
  • Rotational motion
  • Thermodynamics
  • Kinematics
  • Work, energy and power
  • Properties of solids and liquids
  • Gravitation
  • Laws of motion
  • Oscillations and waves
  • Electronic devices
  • Kinetic theory of gases
  • Current electricity
  • Communication systems
  • Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
  • Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
  • Optics
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Atoms and nuclei
  • Electrostatics
  • Dual nature of matter and radiation

Chemistry

Physical Chemistry
  • Some basic concepts in chemistry
  • States of matter
  • Atomic structure
  • Chemical bonding and molecular structure
  • Chemical thermodynamics
  • Solutions
  • Equilibrium
  • Redox reactions and electrochemistry
  • Chemical kinetics
  • Surface chemistry
Organic Chemistry
  • Purification and characterisation of organic compounds
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Chemistry in everyday life
  • Principles related to practical chemistry
  • Organic compounds containing halogens
  • Organic compounds containing oxygen
  • Organic compounds containing nitrogen
  • Polymers
  • Some basic principles of organic chemistry
  • Biomolecules
Inorganic Chemistry
  • Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
  • Hydrogen
  • Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
  • P Block elements group 13 to group 18 elements
  • d- and f - block elements
  • Co-ordination compounds
  • Environmental chemistry
  • General principles and processes of isolation of metals

How to prepare for JEE Main 2020

Image result for h c verma
H C Verma

Engineering is a massive sector in India and it is only natural that a vast majority of the students aspire to be engineers. The top-ranked NITs, IIITs, GFTIs and the IITs are the most sought after colleges for aspiring engineers. In order to pursue engineering in India in one of these coveted colleges, qualifying the national exam, JEE Main is compulsory which is also the preliminary exam to get into the IITs through JEE Advanced. 

With the importance and relevance of the JEE Main exam, it becomes imperative for students to be highly focused and have clear goals in order to crack the exam. About 14-15 lakhs of students write the JEE Main exam every year and hence, it is highly competitive. This is why students should devise a proper strategy and schedule and prepare accordingly. Read on to learn about some tips that could help you in your preparation for JEE Main 2020 and in scoring above 250.

Maintain a planner

When you are preparing for your JEE Main, it is natural to feel like you just don’t have the time for everything. You might feel a bit lost and might not be able to figure out how to proceed. That is when a planner for your studies and productivity could come in really handy. It is really important to note down your daily goals so that you can steadily proceed further in your preparation for the exam. Documenting your productivity also helps quite a bit because then you would be keeping records or track of how much you have completed studying. However, you must also be sure to complete all your tasks and chores on time. As a consequence, maintaining a planner can also help in effective time management.

Clear your concepts

One common mistake that a lot of JEE Main aspirants make is rushing through the topics without clearing all of the doubts that they might have. This can prove to be a big problem, especially during the exam when you have limited time. Make sure to revise the topics thoroughly such that all of the concepts are crystal clear. Do not revise hurriedly assuming that you will cover more topics in a shorter amount of time. If you rush and do not clear your concepts, you might face quite a bit of difficulty solving the problems that require in-depth knowledge of the subject. Hence, make sure to understand very clearly whatever you study.

Time management

Time is precious. Sensible use of time in your JEE Main preparation is incredibly crucial. Classes, either school or coaching or both, can take up a lot of your time and you might have only a few hours left at hand at the end of the day. The entire syllabus to be covered might seem overwhelming but you should keep a calm mindset and not get frustrated with yourself. While recreation is important, remember that JEE Main is a really competitive exam considering the number of applicants each year. Keep your ultimate goals in mind and work towards it without losing focus. Complete revising your chapters well on time. The worst mistake you could make is procrastinating. Do not wait until everything piles up making you so nervous that you’re on the verge of breaking down.

Understand paper pattern

Going into the exam hall and starting off with the first subject that you see in the question paper is a no-no. While the pattern of the JEE Advanced paper is subject to change every year, it is not the same for the JEE Main. There has been a consistent pattern in the paper from the past few years. For Paper I, Chemistry is the easiest to solve while Physics and Mathematics will take up quite a bit of your time as there might be lengthy or tricky problems. On the other hand, if Physics or Mathematics is your strongest point, then by all means, do start off by solving problems in that very subject. For Paper 2, complete the questions from the Math and aptitude sections and then the drawings. The basic idea is to not waste more than 5-7 minutes in just one question. While that might fetch you 4 marks more (considering you solve it correctly), you might lose the chance of scoring for a few more questions that could have brought you more than 4 marks. So, if you find yourself stuck on one question, think no more and move to the next one immediately. Time is money (or marks).

Refer NCERT

Your NCERT books are the key to scoring really high in the Chemistry section because most of the time, the questions in Chemistry are straightforward and based off of NCERT. Do not leave out any topics even though it might seem trivial to you. However,  do not just limit your Chemistry practice to NCERT. Practice questions from other reference books as well. Physics and Math are unpredictable and definitely require you to study beyond just NCERT. You need to learn and understand the core concepts extremely well, hence you need to refer to important books besides NCERT and solve practice problems as much as you can. Also, memorise all of your formulae and make a formulae list to have an easier time rather than scrambling and searching for the required formulae at the eleventh hour. Making flashcards is also a really good idea.

Refer to other important books

While NCERT books are your best companions for the preparation, it is definitely not sufficient to study only from those. It is important for students to practice further and refer to other books for Physics, Chemistry and Math. This would help a lot in learning about important topics and clear concepts even better. As a result, you will have an easier time solving the problems. While there are a lot of reference books available in the market today, you must prepare for the right kind of books. There won’t be much productivity if you buy a lot of reference books and try to study from all of them. Instead of hoarding as many books as you can get a hold of, study from a few really informative ones. You should not waste too much of time trying to use all of the available ones at once.

Practice, practice and more practice

Practice makes a man perfect. Analyse the topics and their weightage in each subject and divide your time and effort accordingly. Practise as much as you can and leave out no topics. Dig up as many question papers from the previous years and solve them within a time frame of 3 hours just like the actual exam. Try to complete solving the paper within the time limit. This helps in improving speed and accuracy. Writing the mock tests is also a really good idea and test yourself on whatever you have studied so far. It helps in analysing your skills in problem-solving and knowledge of the subject. As there are practice centres set up by the NTA, students should try to make use of those to their benefits. It would also be beneficial for you to practice solving papers or taking mock tests at the hours when the actual exam is conducted, i.e., from 9 AM to 12 PM or 2 PM to 5 PM.

Healthy schedule

With all of these said, your health cannot be neglected. Do not overwork yourself to a point that you are too tired or stressed out. It is of no use as you will not be retaining anything you studied. Maintain a healthy sleep schedule and do not stay up too late at night, studying continuously. Make sure to get about 6 to 7 hours of sleep. Any lesser than that will only prove to be a hindrance as you might suffer from headaches or migraines. You must also eat properly and not skip meals due to stress. You need the energy to be focused on your studies. Deficiency of certain nutrients can cause a variety of problems including loss of concentration. That would not be a very ideal situation, would it?

Finally, on the night before the exam, try to keep a clear mind and get your beauty sleep. Eat properly and make sure you are well-rested on the day of the exam so that you are able to exert your best efforts and leave no stone unturned in your efforts to ace that exam.

JEE Advanced

JEE Advanced is the entrance exam for admission to the IITs. JEE Advanced is considered one of the toughest exams all over the world. 

Eligibility

Candidates have to satisfy all of the following 5 criteria to be eligible to appear in JEE Advanced.

  • Candidates should be among the top 2,45,000 (including all categories) in Paper-1 of JEE (Main) 2020.
  • Candidates should have been born on or after October 1,1995 .
  • A candidate can attempt JEE (Advanced)maximum of two times in two consecutive years.
  • A candidate should have appeared for the Class XII (or equivalent) examination for the first time in either 2019 or 2020.
  • A candidate should NOT have been admitted in an IIT irrespective of whether or not he/she continued in the program OR accepted an IIT seat by reporting at a reporting centre in the past. Candidates whose admission at IITs was cancelled after joining any IIT are also NOT eligible to appear in JEE(Advanced) 2020.

Candidates who have been admitted to a preparatory course in any of the IITs for the first time in 2019 can appear in JEE (Advanced) 2020.

Details of exam

JEE advanced will consist of 2 papers of 3 hours duration each, each paper will have questions from all 3 subjects. Both the papers are compulsory. The questions will be in English and Hindi. 

Exam will be conducted only in CBT(Computer based test) mode. 

How to prepare for JEE Advanced 2020

To prepare for JEE advanced you need to have a thorough understanding of the topic and you have to master all sections of the syllabus and gain confidence in all the parts of syllabus. To start with your preparation, first of all go through the previous 5-7 years question papers and write down the weightage given to each topic in the paper. Then prepare a time table with sufficient time left for revision and divide the time available among the topics in approximately the same weightage as given in actual exam papers. You need to know all derivations so that in case of deviation from standard method, you can derive the new formula again.  The basics for both JEE main and JEE advanced are the same. Just the only difference is for JEE advanced, you need to practice problems of all difficulty levels, including problems involving multiple concepts in same problem. Start revising all the topics and gain confidence in each of them before moving on to the next one. Revising the topics you have done earlier is the key to succeed.

For each unit of the subject, pick a basic book which you will need to finish from start to end. This book has to be finished first before trying other books and looking for extra study material. Covering the basic book from cover to cover ensures that you know how to solve problems of all categories. If you try some problems from one book and some from another, it is possible that you miss some types of problems.

For Physics- HC Verma is the basic book for problems and Renick and Halliday for theory. Once you have covered the basic books, you can move to arihant series or TMH series to gain more practice.

For Maths- JEE math series by Arihant is a good basic book which needs to be covered completely. For advanced problems and extra practice, pick a book by TMH. 

For Chemistry- Covering problems from RC Mukerjee for physical chemistry, Morrison Boyd for Organic chemistry and study material from arihant for Inorganic chemistry. Along with these books, you should also be comfortable with NCERT chemistry because theory is covered in good detail in NCERT books. 


You need to practice a lot of problems and should get confidence in all the topics of syllabus. All the different types of problems of a topic should be on your fingertips so you can classify the problem as soon as you see a problem. Once you are clear with the approach you need to follow, then you have to note the variation from standard problem. In some problems, the standard approach can be used directly, those problems should not take much time.


You need to practice a lot of problems and should get confidence in all the topics of syllabus. All the different types of problems of a topic should be on your fingertips so you can classify the problem as soon as you see a problem. Once you are clear with the approach you need to follow, then you have to note the variation from standard problem. In some problems, the standard approach can be used directly, those problems should not take much time.

Life at IITs

Most of the students preparing for getting admission in IITs spend multiple hours to prepare for JEE main and advanced sacrificing their social life for at least 2 years along with a strict discipline of waking up early and going to early morning coaching classes or self study before attending school and then another few hours of self study. Most of these guys are school toppers. 

Once they make it to IIT, their routine frees up considerably as classes in IITs are not that hectic. But the free time is taken over by multitude of activities being held in IITs. As soon as you join, there will be a week long orientation session where you will be shown the campus as well as all the clubs and sports facilities. Seniors will have their own interaction which will take up major chunk of your sleep time in the initial fifteen days. Once you  pass through the orientation and interaction, the club introductions and sports selection takes place. Organising team selections for festivals will also be going on parallely. Amidst all this will come mid term exams and quizzes of various courses. Maths in 1st year is famous for crazy combination of epsilon and delta which is typically very different from the mathematics student would have studied for JEE preparation. 

Hostel life is another experience in itself as students from all branches are kept in the same wings and you make the best of friends from amongst them. You get to discuss your business plan with them, as well as clear your doubts related to any topic, after all you are in the midst of best brains in the country. 

You can try your hands at activities such as making a robot which can play basketball or a self driven car, or even make your own racing car. Where else do you get 24 hour access to best robotics lab in the country completely free of cost? If you have a outrageous idea such as making a device to help the farmers sow the seeds automatically without costly equipments or a wheelchair that can climb stairs, you will be given a chance to implement it and see it work. If you are persuasive enough, you might even get funding for it to launch it in the market. 

You can join the dance club and perform at dance competitions throughout the country, or be a part of the drama club performing in theatre and nukkad nataks. You can pursue any activity you wish to pursue, and if the college doesn’t have facilities for that, you can even take initiative to set up a club for that and get funds allocated for the same. Its a mini universe in itself where you can do a trial of anything you wish to do later on in your life. If you are interested in politics, there is lots for you to try and achieve. If it is technology you wish to pursue, so be it, or if its entrepreneurship that excites you, you have great company.  

You get enough opportunity to hone your organisational skills by organising the biggest festivals of asia such as Antaragni or mood indigo. 

I am sure the 4 years that you spend at any of the IITs are going to be the best 4 years of your life. So make the best of these years, or you would regret later on in your life that you didn't utilize it to the fullest. 

Education at IIT

Education at IITs is very advanced and the syllabus is updated but the methodology leaves a lot to be desired. Most of professors are graduates from mediocre universities with PhD from IIT or IISc with very few of the professors being graduates from IIT and a doctorate from top American university such as MIT, UCLA or Harvard. 

The overall effect of this is that studies are focussed towards getting marks only and not practical knowledge.The problem which schooling system faces creeps into IITs as well. This is why most of the students lack practical knowledge and do not want to pursue engineering streams after graduation. They choose to do MBA and move away from technical jobs. 

This does not mean that students who are highly motivated do not find ways to pursue their passion. There are a bunch of good professors who have completed their doctorates and post docs from top universities and have come back to their alma mater such as Dr. Nitin Gupta at IIT Kanpur who secured the All India Rank 1 in 2000 and did his undergrad in Computer Science and came back to become an assistant professor at IIT Kanpur.  

Students at IITs get access to best laboratories and libraries there are in the country, so eager brains do explore the opportunities they have and expand their knowledge. The technical clubs such as electronic club or robotics club have given encouragement to students to pursue their interest. 

IITs are generally fully residential campus so students have access to libraries and laboratories 24 hours. Apart from technical courses, students can also opt for humanities courses such as sociology and philosophy which help the student develop holistically. The curriculum is very strictly followed and none of the classes are delayed or suspended due to mass bunk. The curriculum is thorough and requires application of mind to be able to solve the problems discussed in class and asked in exams. 

Professors are the final authority in deciding the course structure, pattern and marking. Some professors use this opportunity to design very interesting courses where the classes are not held in regular classroom format, rather they are open ended discussions with teacher acting as a mere moderator. Examinations are also open book for some courses where the focus is on application of concept rather than memorizing the formula. Generally the classes are held before lunch and labs after lunch. A student will find lot of free time with him if he doesn’t take part in any activities. 


Life after IITs

IITs take less than 1 percent of the people applying for admissions. The number is even more mind boggling for older IITs such as IIT Bombay, Kanpur and Delhi. With such strict admission criteria, you are bound to get the cream of cream. Its hardly any surprise that IITians are generally the most successful in any field which they choose to pursue, be it entrepreneurship, civil services, politics or academics. Even field of stand up comedians is filled with IITians. The average package at most of IITs crosses 10 LPA which is substantially higher than engineering graduate from other colleges. The placement is also much smoother with companies fighting for the first day slot of recruitment process and all the top firms coming down for placements. 


If you were to name the IITians who have done well in their respective fields, we have names like Raghuram Rajan, D Subbarao, Arvind Kejriwal, Manohar Parrikar, Ashok Khemka, founders of Ola, UrbanClap and Flipkart.

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